BE AWARE OF YOUR RESTROOM VISITS
By: Trissean McDonald
It’s quite disturbing to have to wonder if you’re amongst a sexual predator while using one of the restrooms at Los Angeles City College, after witnessing one alleged sexual predator who was detained today on campus for that very reason.
Edward Salm, a white male in his 50’s, bald, and heavy-built was detained inside the FH building on the 3rd floor for an alleged indecent exposure charge. An anonymous student placed in a report with LACC Sheriff Department around 1:30pm.
The student who unfortunately had to cross paths with the alleged suspect, witnessed Salm “moaning and using phrases to express his pleasure.” The student continues telling LACC Sheriff, “he stood in front of my stall and began ‘jerking-off’. He left my stall, then went to the urinal and started masturbating. He turned around to look at me.”
LACC Sheriff Department storms into the restroom 5-10 minutes after the report and confronts the alleged suspect. Salm had on a pair of red shorts, a grey shirt, and a pair of dark colored shoes. He came out of the restroom handcuffed. Salm was then escorted out of the FH building. The student was escorted out by Sheriff officials as well, following after Salm.
The student was adamant about pressing charges and went about the procedures. However, the student was informed by LACC Sheriff that it would have to be a citizen’s arrest because the alleged suspect denied all charges. Therefore, the case would be considered as “hearsay” and perhaps thrown out.
Even though the alleged suspect denied the allegation, Edward Salm said, “sorry if I did anything to offend him,” according to LACC Sheriff Deputy Wang. However, that wasn’t enough proof for an actual arrest. Yet, nobody has to be a scholar to know that that is a form of guilt.
This information leaves the student contemplating whether or not to continue the process. Then after meditating on the issue, the student decided to drop the charges. However if Edward Salm “is found back on school campus, he will be arrested for trespassing,” according to Deputy Wang.
If you were to encounter a similar incident, or you may perhaps know someone with a similar story, contact the LACC Sheriff’s Department at (323) 662-5276.
American history, what is it? It’s a continuum of alterations about the truth, causing many to believe in unsubstantiated claims that are imposed by mostly high school textbooks and also the mainstream media. Why is this so? The truth is shielded because it imposes a sense of insensitivity to those who may come across it such as: high school students, college student, as well as mainstream media. Yet, it’s the truth that gives people a clear understanding of what actually occurred. Rather than upholding the truth from Americans about their history, causing millions of Americans to believe in untruths to fit the norms of society, history books as well as the media need serious reform in order to open the minds of the people. Whether if it opens a negative channel of emotions or not, the truth about our history should not be altered.
On July 25, 2016, former First Lady Michelle Obama, gave a heartfelt speech about her views on American history. Her description about our history wasn’t uncommon. And it’s the same speech that is usually repeated amongst blacks, “the story of generations of people who felt the lash of bondage, the shame of servitude, the sting of segregation, but who kept on striving and hoping and doing what needed to be done so that today I wake up every morning in a house the was built by slaves,” Obama stated. However, former Fox News affiliate Bill O’Reilly, refuted Michelle’s speech stating that slaves were “well-fed” and had “decent lodgings [i].” Even though O’Reilly’s debunking of Michelle’s speech may seem racist, there’s texts that supports his rhetoric. For example, “Slave Narratives (A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves)” accounts for the many slave stories in which black slaves were actually well-fed and had decent housing. “We lived in log houses with stick an’ dirt chimleys. They called ‘em the slave houses [ii].” This clearly indicates that slaves, even though undergoing exhausting labor, the majority of them were well-taken care of and occasionally underwent abuse.
The abuse of slaves from all slave masters is unsubstantiated. Also, the idea that all slave-owners were white is unsubstantiated. In fact, there were several black slave owners. “The fact is large numbers of free Negroes owned black slaves; in fact, in numbers disproportionate to their representation in society at large. In 1860 only a small minority of whites owned slaves [iii].” The first black slave owner, Anthony Johnson, was an indentured servant. Johnson received land as well as white indentured servants after his servitude. Johnson also had a black indentured servant, in which whom later becomes a permanent slave to Johnson after a court settlement. John Casor became the first African descent in Britain’s Thirteen Colonies to be declared as a slave for the remaining of his life to Johnson. “This daye Anthony Johnson negro made his complaint to the court against Mr. Robert Parker and declared the hee deteyneth his servant John Casor negro under the pretence that said negro was a free man. The court seriously consideringe and maturely weighing the premisses, doe fynde that the saide Mr. Robert Parker most unjustly keepth the said Negro from Anthony Johnson his master…It is therefore the Judgment of the Court and ordered that the said John Casor Negro forthwith returne unto the service of the said master Anthony Johnson, and that Mr. Robert Parker make payment of all charges in the suit [iv].”
Nothing about slavery in America was benign. Additionally, even though indenture servitude was a form of slavery, those under indenture servitude were slaves for a number of years under contract. However, not all indenture servants were able to reach their contract agreement. The case of Casor exemplifies that. Slavery definitely had its hard times for those who were a part of its servitude. Yet many textbooks as well as the media have not, and probably will never introduce some of the non-debilitating attributions that were intact for slaves in order for them to be healthy and perfectly perform their duties as slaves. There were even slave masters that respected their slaves, not wanting to sale them in fear that their labor will increase and other masters would treat the slaves unfairly. “I never saw a grown slave whupped or in chains and I never saw a slave sold. Jackson May would not sell a slave. He didn’t think it right. He kept ’em together. He had eighty head. He would let other white people have em to wurk for ’em sometimes, but he would not sell none of ’em [iii].” However, this didn’t mean that slaves weren’t punished by their masters. But it also illustrates that, all slaves were not merely treated as animals. In fact, some slaves were actually treated humanely. “Although the institution of slavery was oppressive for the slaves, paradoxically it benefited their descendants because slavery was the transmission belt that brought African-Americans into the orbit of Western freedom [v].”
Why does the media stir up further confusion about American slavery? The media tends to focus only on black individuals once being slaves; however, that isn’t the case. As mentioned before, there were indeed white slaves too. “One of the things that both the public and many scholars have tended to take as given is that slavery was always racial in nature – that only blacks have been slaves. But that is not true,” Robert Davis, a professor of history at the Ohio State University said. “We cannot think of slavery as something that only white people did to black people [vi].” The reason as to why white slaves are not recognized is because majority were indentured servants. But, isn’t indentured servitude also slavery? This isn’t mentioned within the mainstream. In fact, nearly all talks surrounding slavery gets a negative connotation. Even if the facts were to point in a different direction, mainstream will always choose their own direction of appeasement from the “lashing, lynching, burning of homes” stories that have serviced our nation for over 100 years.
Racial groups such as “blacks are not sharing a special positive intellectual or moral experience; they partake fully in the common culture, with the same goals and tastes as everyone else, but they are doing it by themselves. They continue to have the inward sentiments of separateness caused by exclusion when it no longer effectively exists [vii].” This is due to the constant rhetoric that is imposed not only by media by textbooks as well. We’re taught as we grow up, “the white man forced Africans on ships to come to America and do all their dirty work for them.” In actuality, Africans were actually sold by other Africans into slavery. Additionally, African slavery first was in practice in Africa before the Europeans interfered. “This isn’t to say that the books entirely ignore the slavery that existed in Africa before the Europeans’ coming. The books usually do mention it, but the descriptions are fleeting at best, always distorted, and often apologetic [viii]” Yet, there’s definitely stories in which Africans were forced into slavery by the white. However, the majority of African slaves were given over into slavery by their own people. “While I was upon the coast, during one of the voyages I made, the black traders brought down, in different canoes, from twelve to fifteen hundred Negroes, which had been purchased at one fair.” Yet, we’re told by media and textbooks alike that the “white men” in those days were devils. This type of propaganda has been fueling a kerfuffle between whites and blacks for many decades. The media and textbooks still haven’t caught onto this?
As Americans, we’re hidden the truth about our culture. Because of the way textbooks and the media portrays racism and slavery, our nation will never understand that we all share a common ground. That common ground is that almost every race in America today was a part of slavery. “When they have come to an agreement, it happens that adult persons bind themselves in writing to serve 3, 4, 5 or 6 years for the amount due by them, according to their age and strength. But very young people, from 10 to 15 years, must serve till they are 21 years old.” Indenture servitude was not only designed for blacks. It was a universal declaration in order to help build America, and a universal call of a new life. “The sight of the land makes the people on board the ship, especially the sick and the half dead, alive again, so that their hearts leap within them; they shout and rejoice, and are content to bear their misery in patience, in the hope that they may soon reach the land in safety [ix].” Once the terms of indenture was completed, some indenture servants were given land and livestock in order to start their life over in the new America. This was a way for poor individuals to start an abundant life with the opportunity of liberty and the pursuit of happiness. However, blacks are the only focus when it comes to slavery and indentured servitude within textbooks as well as the media. There seems to be a race agenda that’s been surfacing at a continuum. Why is this? Should we continue to allow ourselves to absorb the hidden truths about American history? Or, will we take the steps towards continuing to educate ourselves concerning the matter as to why there’s an agenda that is constantly being pushed forward? Why is it causing radical behaviors from racial groups like blacks and whites? “They do not like the notion that whites are in position to do them favors. They believe that everyone doubts their merits, their capacity for equal achievement. Their success become questionable in their own eyes. They are the victims of a stereotype, but one that has been chosen by black leadership [vii].”
Americans tend to believe in untruths to fit the norms of society, history books as well as the media need serious reform in order to open the minds of the people. Whether if it opens a negative channel of emotions or not, the truth about our history should not be altered. We should take the liberty to inform ourselves about our history, because media and textbooks will usually lead an individual astray from the truth.
[i] CHAUNCEY DEVEGA, Bigotry, denial and the distortion of American history: Bill O’Reilly’s racist dreams of “well-fed” and happy black slaves, THURSDAY, JUL 28, 2016 11:39 AM PDT,
[ii] THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PROJECT WORK PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SPONSORED BY THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, SLAVE NARRATIVES A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves,1936-1938, https://memory.loc.gov/mss/mesn/111/111.pdf
[vii]. Allan Bloom, The Closing of The American Mind (How Higher Education Has failed Democracy and Impoverished the souls of today’s students) Relationships: Race, copyright 1987 Allan bloom, foreword copyright 1987 Saul Bellow
Sociological imagination emphasizes the historical and biological connections that human beings associate amongst themselves to help shape or create a society amongst themselves, as well as self-enlightenment. Historically, human beings form a series of broad events within their lifetime that ranges from the past to present. Additionally, on a biological perspective, human beings associate those learned series of events into their own lives, in which shapes or constructs their own sense of individuality.
C. Wright Mills, a sociologist, first coined the term “sociological imagination” in 1959, “the awareness of the relationship between personal experience and the wider society.” Individuals define who they are, what place they hold within society, by their own interpretation of the series of broad events that occurred/occurs within their community or society as a whole. This defines individuality within a society, because every individual has their own different interpretation of the historical broad events imposed on each society. Therefore, everyone has the opportunity to improve themselves and their society because of historical events that help shape individuals’ perspective of how a society should be and the certain roles that everyone need to take in order to improve it.
Mills’ theory is in fact acceptable in the devastating case about terrorism today, if viewed at in a sociological perspective. There was a terror attack in Manchester, England that left a number of individuals dead and a few injured. The attack happened after an Ariana Grande concert outside the arena. A person that pledged allegiance to ISIS, went to the arena with the intent to cause harm to the public by suicide bombing. The bomb went off, however there was no suicide only injuries to the aggressor. The majority of the people that died were trampled. This example exemplifies the relationship between people and the Jihad. People are constantly reminded of historical broad events shaping the society around them. Therefore, they utilize their sociological imagination to identify how they can find themselves within the ongoing events. And some may identify themselves as Jihad, killing the lives of many innocent people in the name of Allah.
Bruce Jenner, an American Olympic gold medalist, identified himself as a girl since a kid. Yet in those times, it would have been totally unacceptable to mention anything of the sort. The transgender movement, another historical event, allowed Bruce to identify himself within that community. Bruce underwent the process of becoming a woman. After the complete transformation, Jenner made her debut as Caitlyn. Caitlyn sociological imagination laid dormant for many years. However, the transgender movement allowed a reawakening into Bruce’s introspection of becoming a woman. Now, Caitlyn is a part of the LGBT society. She’s an advocate for the community as well as a member.
Everyone identify with their sociological imagination differently because it’s presented to everyone differently. Although the historical event remains the same for everyone, the interpretation of those events rely simply on the person witnessing it. Those individuals then apply those interpretations to the world around them whether negatively or positively. Those interpretations are simply historical events that are defined by people’s view of themselves and their society.
The historical events such as the attack of 9/11, the transgender movement as well as the gay marriage movement, having the first black president in our country, gives a different interpretation to everyone that are a part of, or are influenced by the events. Sociological imagination is defined by our own view of the world around us, how we can identify ourselves within the historical events that are ongoing. Sociological imagination, in a sense is self-defined. Sociological imagination emphasizes the historical and biological connections that human beings associate amongst themselves to help shape or create a society amongst themselves, as well as self-enlightenment. Individuals identify themselves by the media, other individuals, or any other narrative that mark a series of historical events or behaviors. Individuals identify themselves through their own social imagination (perspective).
By: Trissean McDonald
It’s common for the average college student to spend excessive amounts of money on instant gratification when it comes to spring break. However, there are inexpensive routes to fun. It could be time to consider a picnic at a beach with some college friends and a game of ultimate Frisbee, or a fun time at Knott’s Berry Farm.
Many students who attend L.A. City College are from this area. A familiarity with Southern California might lead students to think negatively about spring break on local turf. However, Los Angeles welcomed 47.3 million visitors in 2016 according to the Los Angeles Tourism and Convention Board.
Countless tourists will pour into the City of Angels to spend their spring break this year. Some of them will save cash and students can join them.
Head to the 6200 block of Sunset Boulevard and the Hollywood Walk of Fame. It’s less than three miles from campus. The names and stars of legendary Hollywood personalities are at your feet.
Venice Beach is a destination for low-cost fun. It’s 18 miles from campus to the Venice Boardwalk. Get Uber or Lyft and avoid parking headaches. Take a stroll through the area and take in this multicultural city and its artistic atmosphere.
The City of Angeles is more than just a hometown for celebrities. It’s home to beautiful animals, plants, and also the Getty Museum. You could visit beautiful animals and the wonderful foliage at Griffith Park, which is free, according to griffithobsevatory.org. The famed Getty Museum is also free according to Getty.edu.
Consider spending some romantic quality time with your “bae” at the Blue Ribbon Garden at the Walt Disney Concert Hall. According to We Like L.A., were you aware that there’s a “hidden rooftop garden” at the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Downtown Los Angeles? And, it’s free! “The garden is surrounded by the curves and *and [the] exterior of the halls *and [are] decked out with lush landscape centered around an intricate mosaic blue rose fountain dedicated to late Lillian Disney (Walt Disney’s wife).” Wouldn’t you say that’s romantic?
Also, LACMA, the Norton Simon Museum, the Huntington Gardens and MOCA all have free museum days. Websites offer complete schedules and information.
Walking through Venice, the Walk of Fame or Griffith Park can cause you to work up an appetite. Happily, there are cheap eats everywhere in the city. Tere’s Mexican Grill is a great recommendation according to CBS L.A. Tere’s is located on 5870 Melrose Ave Ste 101, Los Angeles, CA 90038, according to its website. The menu prices starts as low as $7.75.
Or perhaps you may want to try The Bun Shop in Koreatown, located on 151 North Western Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90004. The menu prices starts as low as $3.75, according to thebunshopla.com.
In Los Angeles, you’ll never have to worry about spending big bucks on food, unless you choose to, of course.
What if you might not be interested in the previous activities mentioned? Perhaps you’re an individual that enjoys the nightlife. Well, in that case, you could head for Hollywood. According to CBS Los Angeles, The Viper Room and Boulevard3 might be some suitable options of your interest to choose from.
The Viper Room, located on 8852 Sunset Blvd, West Hollywood, CA 90069, welcomes numerous musical artists at their nightclub. To see these artist, the coverage for Viper is usually around $10.00. For intense, on April 1, “LA Story” will be hosting a concert at 8:00pm, with tickets starting at exactly $10.00, according to The Viper Room’s website.
Then, there’s Boulevard3, located on 6523 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90028.
Famulari, the founder of Boulevard3 and a native from NYC, visualized clubs as “big, free-flowing and dramatic,” and became inspired by New York’s Studio 54 and The Tunnel, the crucial foundations for creating Boulevard3. “There really are no dance places in Los Angeles,” Famulari states. He continues, “people go to clubs and stare at the wall.” Therefore, the club welcomes Flamenco dancers, aerial performers, and other unexpected and unforgettable surprises at its club. The coverage for Boulevard3? It’s $20, according to the club’s website.
Also, if you’re into thrillers, Los Angeles is home to several amusement parks. As mentioned previously, Knott’s Berry Farm is amongst one of these options, with tickets starting at $44.00, if purchased online. Six Flags is another inexpensive amusement park, with tickets starting at $54.99, if also purchased online.
The Collegian conducted interviews with several Los Angeles City College students, some who are “just working and staying at home.” However, The Collegian found Valene Galindo. Galindo gave The Collegian some valuable information, although she might also stay home. “I visited a place in Koreatown called [WiSpa]” which offers a 24hr service, “but I’m staying at home.”
WiSpa is located on 2700 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90057. The prices are rather inexpensive, with an admission fee of $25 for a Jjimjilbang (JJB) and Sauna treatment, according to its website. An awesome place to open up your chakras. Thanks for the information, Valene (Pre-Nursing).
Los Angeles has a lot to offer tourist and also natives. Nevertheless, the natives take for granted all the miraculous wonders of the city. However, if natives were to think a second, they’ll probably agree that being in Los Angeles for spring break is a privilege.
So, what’s the point of putting a giant hole into your pocket by going to another city for entertainment, when you could enjoy every moment of spring break in Los Angeles and still have money to spare?
An alleged suspect on the corner of Melrose/Vermont was arrested on a DUI charge, as well as injuring a police officer, according to Officer Mireles of the LAPD North/East division.
The alleged suspect, who was not identified during a briefing with Officer Mireles, was witnessed by two students from Los Angeles City College, Ixchel Hernandez and Danya Garcia, who both saw the alleged suspect get “pulled out of the car by force.”
According to Officer Mireles, the alleged suspect was completely uncooperative. The alleged suspect was so disorderly, that officers had to break the driver-side window and tasered the alleged suspect to the ground, after injuring one officer with his vehicle. The Collegian was informed that the officer was pinned between 2 cars. Fortunately, the officer reportedly walked away with minor injuries.
The vehicle that the alleged suspect used to impair the officer was a grey VW (Volkswagen) with license plate number, 7TUK955. The car was not reported stolen. However, all tires were deflated after the officer-involved injury occurred. It’s inconclusive whether or not LAPD deflated the tires. There were no weapons involved, minus the vehicle.
The alleged suspect’s car was storage for a lot of questionable items such as: prescription bottles, an empty grape Swisher wrapper, presumably used as a marijuana component on the passenger’s seat, and a brown balled up blanket.
The alleged suspect was wearing mocha brown pants, a grey sweater, a grey shirt underneath the sweater, as well as grey, white, and black Nike’s.
He appeared to be injured upon apprehension; however, he was strapped onto a gurney and placed into an ambulance with a squad car following behind.
I totally hate petty traffic tickets and the court experiences behind them. And, I’m for certain that it’s the same for anyone else.
Time is wasted, expletives are racing in your head, you just want to spill them out. However, you’re consciously aware that if you were to, you’re being placed in the back seat of the black and white.
It has you wondering, “what grass of shit did you step in this morning, officer?” Especially when it’s a lite infraction such as, riding a bike across a crosswalk while the hand is blinking, yet the light is still green. Then, being signaled to continue across the crosswalk only to be escorted to the right and issued a citation.
It’s understandable if the light was yellow or red. But green? Mm…Yeah, somebody must have put some sour cream in Officer Grimmer’s coffee.
There’s nothing wrong with traffic tickets, if there’s a legitimate reason for them. For example, a car parked in the red, or a person walking across a crosswalk while the hand is red; driving intoxicated, parking in the handicap section without a permit, speeding, these are legitimate reasons for traffic tickets.
However, traffic tickets can be gratuitous in the sense of riding a bicycle, (something faster than human legs), past a crosswalk while the hand is red and the light green.
Court appearances. More wasted time and money. If only I had boobs, I would have been able to talk my way out of this one.
The gag is, I’ve rode my bike past many officers while the traffic light was at green and the hand at red. However, I’ve never been harassed. It was petty, and he’s a jerk. But hey, Karma’s a bitch, right? And it’s always at work.
Breaking News: Calls media “enemy of the people” during a speech recently given at the Conservative Political Action Conference (Trump). White House bars CNN and other media outlets from press briefing.
“Reporters from The Times, CNN and Politico were not allowed to enter the West Wing office of the press secretary, Sean M. Spicer, for the scheduled briefing. Aides to Mr. Spicer allowed in reporters from only a handpicked group of news organizations that, the White House said, had been previously confirmed to attend.”
Source: White House Bars Times and 2 Other News Outlets From Briefing, By MICHAEL M. GRYNBAUM, FEBRUARY 24, 2017, The New York Times
Have you ever experienced an arbitrary individual that exemplifies the characteristics of not only an “asshole,” but also as an individual that disregards the opinions of others? Sure, you have.
Isn’t it annoying? Although a rhetorical question, “hell yeah.”
These individuals are usually arbitrary because of personal issues. Nevertheless, these personal issues shouldn’t give these individuals any specific leeway to make others feel miserable.
The worst places to encounter these individuals are at work, school, and perhaps even a religious establishment.
They display a sense of superiority even to their own superiors, causing their superiors to feel rather inferior and disrespected.
Seriously, what gives these people the right to demise their own power of authority to only seek after more with which they cannot handle? Hmm… That’s salty as hell, right?
The time to thwart these individuals from your presence begins today. Other than that, they’ll continuously “grind your gears.” You like what I did with that?
Seriously, although there will always be that (fill in the blank), let yourself rise above it all. Don’t allow yourself to succumb to their frivolities.
Mental Health Training Is Not Benefiting Police Officers
By Trissean McDonald
Police involved shootings are becoming more frequent these days. In numerous cases, these shooting incidents are sometimes prompted by individuals that may be mentally impaired or disabled.
On January 31, 2016, the Los Angeles Police Department, after receiving reports of a male suspect stabbing three people, opened fire on the man in Hollywood, California, where the suspect was pronounced dead.
One of the victims, a bicyclist, was stabbed around 2:00pm along the north side of Sunset Boulevard near Ivar Avenue, according to LAPD Sgt. Frank Preciado. The suspect then continues down Sunset Boulevard, making his way to a coffee house, where employees held the doors closed for their safety. Unsuccessful in his attempt to get inside the coffee house, the suspect goes east of Sunset Boulevard, where he stabbed another man at a “Jack In The Box,” according to the LA Times.
LAPD reportedly confronted the suspect. The suspect, however, was not compliant; resulting to multiple shots being fired at the suspect. “It saved lives,” O’Farrell.
The suspect’s outcome, as well as the victims involved was egregiously dire. Mental health in these situations usually doesn’t prompt an indication of these type of fatal incidents, lest the events subsequently subsides. Also, because of all the radical activities from ISIS.
However, is there a way to train police officials dealing with individuals with mental disabilities? Certainly.
September 14, 2016, LAPD invited the media to participate in a mental health training program to give the media insight on how police officers are being trained to deal with mentally impaired or disabled individuals. However, these type of seminars could be a way to propagandized police interactions with those who are mentally despaired.
There’s signs indicating mental disparities in these individuals by scruple observation. Usually, the signs are alarming upon personal interaction between both police officials and mentally impaired individuals. However, fatal shootings are still increasing amongst these individuals.
As we saw in the case of Ezell Ford, a 25-year-old mentally illed black male, who was shot by police officials after allegedly reaching for an officer’s holster, “Ford, who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, was walking near his South L.A. home when two officers assigned to an anti-gang unit tried to stop him,” LA Times. Unfortunately, this incident led to Ford’s death.
Even though the state of California , as well as other states are implementing changes within the relationship between police officials and mentally ill individuals, it may perhaps take several years for police officials to master the subject of dealing with mentally ill individuals to avoid more catastrophic fatalities within the mental health community.
If there were perhaps an actual requirement for police officials to pass a 1-2 year course in mental health training before actually being assigned to on field duties, fatal shootings would be at a decrease, and more lives would be saved.
However, until there’s some type of strict reformation assisting in proper mental health training amongst the nation’s police officials, America will not see less killings or more rehabilitation for those who are mentally ill. Instead, Americans will continuously hear the outcries of the nation, as well from the family members who are affected by the lost of their loved one that was mentally ill.
Stephen King’s curriculum vitae, “On Writing,” illustrates several network comparisons from Steven Johnson’s “Where Good Ideas Come From,” because King utilizes the key components of the adjacent possible and error, as well as other networks, to assist in formulating innovative ways towards becoming a successful writer.
If it weren’t for these prominent components, the successful journey in which King would later achieve in his career path, would not have ever been made possible.
So, what are these networks or components? These networks or components, according to Johnson’s “Where Good Ideas Come From,” are tools that could be utilized for the benefit and progression of new innovations.
Although unintentional in his earlier years of becoming a writer, Stephen King has stumbled across numerous occasions in which King had to utilize certain networks or key components in “Where Good Ideas Come From,” in order to become a world famous writer.
For instance, the adjacent possible, and how finding the “door of other opportunities” allowed King to stumble across countless struggles in order to welcome in a number of slow hunches towards his successful career.
Now, I bet you’re wondering, “what in the world is this author saying?” Well, let’s first start with Johnson’s definition of the adjacent possible. “Think of it as house that magically expands with each door you open. You begin in a room with four doors, each leading to a new room that you haven’t visited yet. Those four rooms are the adjacent possible,” according to “Where Good Ideas Come From.
” In Stephen King’s “On Writing,” his hobby as a kid, spent lots of time copying comics word-for-word, occasionally changing words that seemed appropriate to him; therefore eagerly one day, he shows his mother his verbatim creations.
Although being ridiculed by his mother to create his own work, this allowed King to enter into a state of error in order for him to experience his first adjacent possible as a writer. “I remember an immense feeling of possibility at the idea, as if I had been ushered into a vast building filled with closed doors and had been given leave to open any I liked. There were more doors than one person could ever open in a life- time, I thought (and still think),” a statement from King’s “On Writing.”
POW! That minuscule error of King’s plagiarism “opened up” a doorway to an adjacent possible; therefore, birthing out a new innovation with which King gained the approval of his mother. King’s error also gave way to a slow hunch.
“Wait, wait a minute. What’s a ‘slow hunch’?” Here’s the thing: slow hunches requires a lot of time to develop, they’re easily lost to most daily obligations. Yet, the slow hunches are strengthened by the long incubation period with which they develop in, according to Johnson.
One of Stephen King’s greatest novels, “Carrie,” underwent a series of slow hunches, causing him to actually give up on a hunch that’ll change his life forever; however it was his wife, Tabby, who found King’s error (in the garbage) and enlighten him to revisit his slow hunch.
Welcoming the hunch, is putting it into the cultivation process. Adopting the hunch, is allowing the hunch to take root. As you revisit the hunch, you’re giving water to the hunch, causing the hunch to grow. Once the hunch is matured, it bears fruit. The fruit are those “eureka” moments; hence, King’s famous “Carrie.”
According to King, he “wasn’t having much success with my own writing…The bigger deal was that, for the first time in my life, writing was hard.” Nevertheless, it was the components of using the adjacent possible, error, and also a liquid network that inspired King to produce a hefty number of reading material for the world’s gravitation.
To revisit Johnson’s “Where Good Ideas Come From,” a liquid network is “when you share a common civic culture with thousands of other people, good ideas have a tendency to flow from mind to mind, even when their creators try to keep them secret.”
In “On Writing,” Stephen King, who by error, stumbled across a liquid network in Brunswick High School by meeting Harry. Both King and Harry worked at the high school during one summertime. There’s a specific day that King becomes fascinated by what he sees inside a girl’s restroom.
As King is cleaning the restroom, he notices several oddities. There weren’t any urinals inside the restroom, and two metal boxes that weren’t for paper towels. Upon King’s inquiry, “Pussy Plugs,” Harry explains. “For those certain days of the month.”
King also becomes inquisitive about the purpose for a U-ring shower. “I guess young girls are a bit more shy about being undressed,” Harry continues. This slow hunch became one of the beginning stages of King entering into a liquid network.
King revisited the hunch one day while working at the laundry. He begins to formulate a story about a girl showering in a girl’s locker room without any U-rings. The girl that’s showering starts her period; however, she’s ignorant of what it is. Being grossed out, or perhaps even amused, other girls around her started pelting tampons and pads at her.
“Plug it up, plug it up,” the girls taunted. Meanwhile, the girl that’s having her period is petrified. She thinks that she’s bleeding to death, and how could these girls be taunting her, she’s dying.
King visits another slow hunch after reading an article from Life magazine. The article was about alleged poltergeist activities possibly being a telekinetic phenomenon, especially in adolescent girls.
BAM! King’s unintended article find in the magazine, brings about a slow hunch, the slow hunch brought about an adjacent possible, and the adjacent possible allowed King to adopt to a liquid network. He used two unrelated topics, connected the two hunches and “eureka,” he had the premise for “Carrie.”
The liquid network “creates a more promising environment for the system to explore the adjacent possible,” Johnson. The liquid network could only work when it’s in the environment suitable for it to work. Additionally, the adjacent possible is not reachable without an error or serendipity.
Lastly, all errors brings about a slow hunch. Its then up to any individual to search for their adjacent possible and to find a liquid network to strengthen the flow of their innovation.
In King’s case it was his wife Tabby, his mother, and constantly embracing slow hunches of creativity. Without these key components, King would not possibly been able to reach his adjacent possible, his liquid network, or even errors leading to slow hunches that birth out new innovations.